Agriculture and forestry: energy consumption increased in 2020 – Products Eurostat News

Reducing energy consumption was a goal long before the current energy crisis. Additionally, the COVID-19 pandemic has changed our energy consumption habits by shutting down workplaces and increasing the time many people spend at home. While some sectors like air transport have been badly affected, others like agriculture and forestry have not.

Overall energy consumption in the EU in 2020 was 6% lower than in 2019. However, a slight increase (+1%) was observed in the energy consumed by the agriculture and forestry sector. Agriculture and forestry accounted for 3% of total energy consumed in the EU in 2020.

Source dataset: nrg_bal_s

With the exception of Sweden (+1%), all EU Member States recorded decreases in total energy consumption in 2020 compared to 2019. The most pronounced rates of decrease were recorded in Luxembourg (-14%), Spain (-11%) and Italy (-9%). At the other end of the range of declines, the smallest rates of change were observed in Romania (-1%), Hungary and Bulgaria (-2% each).

That was a different story about the energy consumed by the agriculture and forestry sector. Strong growth rates were observed in a number of Member States between 2019 and 2020, notably in Malta (+10%), Portugal (+8%) and Croatia (+6%). There were also some Member States where energy consumption by the agriculture and forestry sector decreased; the most pronounced rates of decline were observed in Belgium (-11%), Sweden (-6%) and Romania (-5%).

To put this in some context, the largest share of total energy consumption by agriculture and forestry in 2020 was in the Netherlands (9%), followed by Poland and Latvia (6% each). The value for the Netherlands reflects the important role of greenhouse production of fruit, vegetables and horticultural plants. The lowest shares were reported in Luxembourg, Slovakia and Malta (1% each).

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Methodological notes:

  • The values ​​refer to direct energy consumption – energy consumed directly by agriculture and forestry with the use of machinery (eg cultivating fields with tractors) and heating barns and greenhouses.
  • This indicator has links with a number of other AEI indicators that describe developments related to agriculture and the environment.

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